How We Become Fat
Fat. We hate it but it has an ongoing love affair with us. Like a jilted lover, fat keeps returning to us, despite our desires to end the relationship.
What’s the deal with fat? Why can’t it just understand that we don’t care for it anymore. We once entertained and even encouraged the relationship but we just want it out of our lives now.
As it turns out, it’s not really fat’s fault at all. Fat is perfectly willing to let go and say goodbye but we have to stop feeding it all those carbohydrates. Carbs are responsible for fat showing up in the first place and our carb addiction is the true love/hate relationship that we keep returning to, encouraging those simultaneous emotions.
Let’s look at how it happens…
12 Steps to Fat Storage
You Think About Eating
You find yourself bored, your mind wanders and habit kicks in. You start think about food with carbohydrates.
Your Body Begins to Secrete Insulin
Our mere thoughts create chemical reactions in our bodies. Remember all that time you spent as a child trying to bend a spoon by thought? It turns out that all you have to do is think about food to affect the physical realm… at least the one inside of you. Through nothing more than the power of telekinesis, your body begins to secrete insulin. Consider the possibilities!
Insulin Stops Fat Burning
Insulin sends out signals telling your body that it has arrived and it’s now okay to store those fatty acids and not burn them as energy.
| Step 4:
Hunger Sets In
The brain regions linked with appetite are activated and you become hungry.
| Step 5:
You start eating.
Consider your options and prepare your food. It’s time to wolf some food down.
| Step 6:
You Secrete More Insulin
The pancreas starts pumping out a lot more Insulin. How much? Well that depends on what kind of food you’re eating. If you’re eating low-glycemic foods, insulin levels stay low. Be sure to check the glycemic food chart and know which foods can help you to keep Insulin levels low.
Digested Carbs = Glucose
Your newly digested carbohydrates are converted into glucose as they enter your bloodstream. Glucose is also known as “blood sugar” and “dextrose”. As glucose flows your bloodstream, it becomes available to every cell in your body.
| Step 8:
Blood Sugar Levels Rise
Low-glycemic carbs are digested much more slowly, causing glucose to enter your bloodstream at a rate of only 2 calories p/ minute. Sugary, high-glycemic foods are instantly digested at a much greater rate of 30 calories per minute.
| Step 9:
More Insulin is SecretedEating some bad carbs? More and more Insulin is secreted and creates an over-abundance in your bloodstream.
| Step 10:
With high insulin levels, it is physiologically impossible for your body to burn fat. The fat from your food stays in your fat cells as triglycerides. Triglycerides are the chemical formation of animal and vegetable fats.
| Step 11:
Fat Cells Grow
The current fat stays in place and the overdose of insulin means more fat is added. The cycle continues for each high-glycemic meal you eat throughout the day.
| Step 12:
You Get Fatter
The Yale Guide to Children’s Nutrition offers a clear explanation as to why eating low-glycemic carbs offer a far superior advantage over sugar.
If complex carbohydrates are broken down to monosaccharides in the intestines before they are absorbed into the bloodstream, why are they better than refined sugar or other di- or mono-saccharides? To a great extent it has to do with the processes of digestion and absorption. Simple sugars require little digestion, and when a child eats a sweet food, such as a candy bar or a can of soda, the glucose level of the blood rises rapidly. In response, the pancreas secretes a large amount of insulin to keep blood glucose levels from rising too high. This large insulin response in turn tends to make the blood sugar fall to levels that are too low 3 to 5 hours after the candy bar or can of soda has been consumed. This tendency of blood glucose levels to fall may then lead to an adrenaline surge, which in turn can cause nervousness and irritability… The same roller-coaster ride of glucose and hormone levels is not experienced after eating complex carbohydrates or after eating a balanced meal because the digestion and absorption processes are much slower.
So What Makes Us Fat?
Getting fat is a result of high-insulin levels, which promote the flow of fatty acids into your fat cells.
How do We Lose Fat?
Anything that breaks down our triglycerides (exercise and good nutrition) will allow fat to be used for energy, thus burning the fat from our bodies.
Carbohydrates regulate insulin and insulin regulates fat accumulation and as Gary Taubes says in “Why We Get Fat“, “Fats don’t make us fat.. carbs do.”
Now go enjoy a big plate of chicken and green beans.